Breton, André

   A poet, critic, and leader of the surrealist movement, known for his "automatic" style, André Breton was born in Tinchebray, Orne. At first he studied medicine (1913), but soon took up writing, especially poetry. He corresponded with many notable figures, including Guillaume Apollinaire. His first work of poetry was Le Mont de Piété (1919). In 1924, along with other surrealist writers such a paul eluard and louis aragon, he published the Manifeste du surréalisme (1924) and with Philippe soupault the first surrealist text, Les Champs magnétiques. In 1927, Breton, along with Aragon, joined the Communist Party and from that point on took an active part in political life (Position politique du surréalisme, 1935). He broke with Stalinism (1938) after a meeting with Leon Trotsky. Breton's views of surrealism reflect his study of the works of Freud. Breton was also influenced by the poets paul valéry and Arthur rimbaud. In his writings, Breton sought to celebrate love in all its forms. His best creative work is considered to be the novel Nadja (1928), based partly on his own experiences. He organized two international surrealist exhibitions (1947, 1965) and had a great interest also in pre-Columbian cultures of the New World (Breton left France and stayed in North America for a period after the banning of his work Anthologie de l'humour noir in 1940). Breton's other writings include Union libre (1931), L'Amour fou (1937), Arcane 17 (1947), Ode à Charles Fourier (1947), Poèmes (a collective edition, 1948), and two essays on art (Le Surréalisme et la Peinture, 1946; L'Art magique, 1957).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Breton, André — Bre·ton (brĭ tôɴʹ), André. 1896 1966. French poet and literary theorist. He began to write after World War I, at first linking himself with Dadaism but breaking with that movement to write the first manifesto of surrealism (1924). * * * born Feb …   Universalium

  • Breton, André — ► (1896 1966) Novelista, ensayista y crítico francés. En 1919 fundó con Aragon y Soupault la revista Littérature, publicación en la que apareció su Manifiesto del surrealismo (1924), con la propuesta de liberar sistemáticamente la poesía de todo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andre Breton — André Breton Pour les articles homonymes, voir André Breton (homme politique) et Breton (homonymie). André Breton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andre Breton — André Breton. André Breton (* 19. Februar 1896 in Tinchebray (Orne) in der Normandie; † 28. September 1966 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter, Schriftsteller und der wichtigste Theoretiker des Surrealismus; sein ganzes Leben war an diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • André Breton — (* 19. Februar 1896 in Tinchebray, Kanton Tinchebray, (Département Orne) in der Normandie; † 28. September 1966 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter, Schriftsteller und der wichtigste Theoretiker des Su …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • André Breton — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda André Breton Nombre André Breton Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andre Malraux — André Malraux (* 3. November 1901 in Paris; † 23. November 1976 in Créteil, Val de Marne) war ein französischer Schriftsteller, Abenteurer und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Familiärer Hintergrund 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andre Masson — André Masson (* 4. Januar 1896 in Balagny sur Thérain (Département Oise); † 28. Oktober 1987 in Paris) war ein französischer Maler, Grafiker und Bildhauer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • breton — breton, onne [ brətɔ̃, ɔn ] adj. et n. • bretun 1080; lat. Brito, onis 1 ♦ De Bretagne (province française). Les mégalithes bretons. Les coiffes bretonnes. Chapeau breton. Un lit clos breton. Gâteau breton. ⇒ far, galette. Crêpes bretonnes. Vache …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • André — André, Yves Marie * * * (as used in expressions) Ampère, André Marie André, John Boulle, André Charles André Charles Boule Breton, André Cournand, André F(rédéric) Courrèges, André Derain, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

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